Weaving Steps

What is Warp?

Yarn stretched lengthwise on the loom to be crossed by the weft

What is Weft?

Yarn woven into the warp to make a web

Preparation of the Warp:

1.Pian Mai – Scanes of cotton from the homespun, or market cotton or silk yarns are wound onto large spools made from bamboo or wood.

2. Kon Huu – Warp yarns are transferred from the large pools onto the lak feua, a wood frame with knobs around which the yarns are led so that a length of warp can be obtained without tangles. A “cross-over” points for the yarn is established at the lower end of the frame; the rest of the warp is wound up the frame from that point to the required length. The cross-over point is very important since it provides a method of keeping the individual yarns separate. The correct number of warp yarns is related to the specific beater to be used in the weaving.

3. Seup Huu – The warp is removed from the lak feua frame and gathered in a bundle. Each yarn is then passed through the string heddles by twisting it together with a warp end left from the previous weaving. Rice paste is used to join them, and the new warp yarn can be pulled through the heddles and beater and then wound onto the cloth beam.

4. The beater and heddles are strung up from the top of the loom, and the warp yarns are stretched from the cloth beam to the back of the loom, under the back beam and up vertically to a top beam, back across the frame above the head of the weaver and tied in a knot. This knot is adjustable. At the end of the weaving a piece of string can be attached to it to allow further extension of the warp if necessary.

1 – Pian Mai.

2 – Kon Huu.

3 – Seup Huu

Setting up the weave loom

Setting up the weave loom

 Setting up the weave loom

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